Ubuntu14.04上Sublime Text3无法输入中文

By | 2015/10/23

Ubuntu 14.04 sublime设置

安装:

下载sublime text3
http://www.sublimetext.com/3

安装插件:
安装Package Control
https://packagecontrol.io/installation
其他插件
https://packagecontrol.io/
打开sublime,按ctrl+shift+p,输入pi,选择Install Package后回车,输入插件名称就可以安装相应插件:

  • svn #SVN插件
  • sublimerge #svn diff工具
  • Sidebarenhancement #边栏
  • converttoutf8 #中文乱码
  • codecs33 #中文乱码
  • SublimeGit #git插件
  • gitgutter #git插件
  • Anaconda #代码引用跳转

输入中文:

安装相关依赖

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential libgtk2.0-dev

进入用户主目录

$ cd ~

新建文件

$ touch sublime_imfix.c

编辑并保存文件

$ vim sublime_imfix.c
/*
 * sublime-imfix.c
 * Use LD_PRELOAD to interpose some function to fix sublime input method support for linux.
 * By Cjacker Huang <jianzhong.huang at i-soft.com.cn> *
 *
 * gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
 * LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text
 */
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <gdk/gdkx.h>

typedef GdkSegment GdkRegionBox;

struct _GdkRegion
{
    long size;
    long numRects;
    GdkRegionBox *rects;
    GdkRegionBox extents;
};

GtkIMContext *local_context;

void
gdk_region_get_clipbox (const GdkRegion *region,
                        GdkRectangle    *rectangle)
{
    g_return_if_fail (region != NULL);
    g_return_if_fail (rectangle != NULL);

    rectangle->x = region->extents.x1;
    rectangle->y = region->extents.y1;
    rectangle->width = region->extents.x2 - region->extents.x1;
    rectangle->height = region->extents.y2 - region->extents.y1;
    GdkRectangle rect;
    rect.x = rectangle->x;
    rect.y = rectangle->y;
    rect.width = 0;
    rect.height = rectangle->height;

    //The caret width is 2;
    //Maybe sometimes we will make a mistake, but for most of the time, it should be the caret.
    if (rectangle->width == 2 && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(local_context)) {
        gtk_im_context_set_cursor_location(local_context, rectangle);
    }
}

//this is needed, for example, if you input something in file dialog and return back the edit area
//context will lost, so here we set it again.

static GdkFilterReturn event_filter (GdkXEvent *xevent, GdkEvent *event, gpointer im_context)
{
    XEvent *xev = (XEvent *)xevent;

    if (xev->type == KeyRelease && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(im_context)) {
        GdkWindow *win = g_object_get_data(G_OBJECT(im_context), "window");

        if (GDK_IS_WINDOW(win)) {
            gtk_im_context_set_client_window(im_context, win);
        }
    }

    return GDK_FILTER_CONTINUE;
}

void gtk_im_context_set_client_window (GtkIMContext *context,
                                       GdkWindow    *window)
{
    GtkIMContextClass *klass;
    g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT (context));
    klass = GTK_IM_CONTEXT_GET_CLASS (context);

    if (klass->set_client_window) {
        klass->set_client_window (context, window);
    }

    if (!GDK_IS_WINDOW (window)) {
        return;
    }

    g_object_set_data(G_OBJECT(context), "window", window);
    int width = gdk_window_get_width(window);
    int height = gdk_window_get_height(window);

    if (width != 0 && height != 0) {
        gtk_im_context_focus_in(context);
        local_context = context;
    }

    gdk_window_add_filter (window, event_filter, context);
}

编译该文件

$ gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC

拷贝库文件到sublime主目录

$ sudo cp libsublime-imfix.so /opt/sublime_text/

在终端测试

$ LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so subl

修改文件/usr/bin/subl的内容

$ sudo gedit /usr/bin/subl

#!/bin/sh
exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text "$@"

修改为

#!/bin/sh
LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text "$@"

此时,在命令中执行 subl 将可以使用搜狗for linux的中文输入

编辑/usr/share/applications/sublime_text.desktop文件
将[Desktop Entry]中的字符串
Exec=/opt/sublime_text/sublime_text %F
修改为
Exec=bash -c “LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text %F”

将[Desktop Action Window]中的字符串
Exec=/opt/sublime_text/sublime_text -n
修改为
Exec=bash -c “LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text -n”

将[Desktop Action Document]中的字符串
Exec=/opt/sublime_text/sublime_text –command new_file
修改为
Exec=bash -c “LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text –command new_file”

注意:
修改时请注意双引号””,否则会导致不能打开带有空格文件名的文件。

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